Sunday, February 18, 2018

Harold James Buckingham Tremaine

Harold James Buckingham Tremaine

Australian soldiers in Egypt. Harold Tremaine, 2nd row, 5 across, with small x above his head.
Photo © Tiller Family collection, held by Allen Tiller

Harold James Buckingham Tremaine was a married father of two young children living in the small coastal village of Haslam, located on the Nullarbor Plain in South Australia, when war broke out in Europe in July 1914.

 Harold was a shipping agent for the company John Darling and Sons[1], and was an outspoken, but much loved member of his local community.
Harold enlisted on the 4th of September 1915 with the 9th Light Horse Regiment, 12th Reinforcement Australian Imperial Force with the rank of Private, Number 1613. Harold enlisted as he thought it was his duty to defend his country and King for the sake of his wife and children.
On the 29th of August 1915, before leaving Haslam for his military service, the townsfolk of Haslam met at Harold’s family home and threw him a going away party, where a Mr A. Palmer complimented Harold on his patriotism and sentiments[2].

Harold was positioned first with D Company in Mitcham, Adelaide in September 1915 for basic training before being moved to the 9th Light Horse, 12th Reinforcements. Training continued for Harold until he departed Adelaide onboard the HMAT A2 Geelong on November 18th,1915, heading for Egypt[3].

Harold was stationed at Heliopolis, near Cairo, Egypt, on the 28th of December 1915. On the 27th of February 1916, the 9th Light Horse Regiment marched out to Serapeum, a small town on the Suez Canal, to join its parent brigade, the 3rd Light Horse Brigade.

Five months later, while still posted in Serapeum Harold became ill with Gastro Enteritis and was transferred to Hassamya, then to the Light Field Hospital at Romani, then he was transferred again on the 25th of August 1916 to the 31st General Hospital at Port Said with appendicitis.
A letter was dutifully sent to the Haslam Post Office in South Australia on the 7th of September 1916, to inform Harold’s wife, Florence, that her husband was admitted to hospital with appendicitis[4]
H.J.B. Tremaine at Ceduna on the Eyre Peninsula
(year unknown)

 On the 22nd of September 1916, Harold was discharged from the hospital and sent to the British Red Cross Convalescent Camp at Montazah in Alexandria, Egypt.
 While Harold convalesced in hospital in Egypt, his wife and two children moved to Kapunda to live with Harold’s extended family and allow the children better opportunities to be educated than they would receive in the small town of Haslam.
 Harold was discharged from the Red Cross Hospital in October 1916. He was transferred to the 1st Light Horse Training Regiment at Moasoar. Harold trained new incoming reinforcements for a month before being transferred to the 3rd Light Horse Training Regiment, where again his appendicitis caused him to return to hospital. 

He would remain in the 3rd Light Training Regiment, convalescing until January 29th, 1917, when he was transferred to the ANZAC Provost Corps in Cairo and attached to the Brigade Headquarters.
 Harold took great pride in his new position in the Provost Corp, and wore his navy-blue hat band with great pride. He wrote a letter to his wife telling her of his transfer and how to contact him in his new division.
Florence, Harold’s wife, still living in Kapunda with her two children, wrote a letter to an Officer at Base Records, to verify the new postal address of her husband and to discover what had happened to a package of socks she had sent to him.[5].
 A return letter from the officer at Base Records, dated 16th of February 1917 states

“Dear Madam, 
                      In reply to your letter of the 5th instant, forwarded to this office by the Officer in Charge, Expeditionary Force Pay Office, Adelaide. I beg to state the parcel referred to would not be returned through this office. Letters to your husband should now be address as under:-

No.1613 Private H.J.B. Tremaine,

    Headquarters Staff,
              3rd Light Horse Brigade,
                  Australian Imperial Force
                       A b r o a d.

Your change of address has been noted.
Yours faithfully.

Officer i/c Base Records.”
. At the end of 1917, from October to December, Harold saw service in Esani, Gamli and Jaffa in Palestine, before joining the 1st Light Horse Regiment for detachment in December that year, again finding himself ill in hospital, this time diagnosed with Myalgia, a description used to describe many different ailments, but in Harold’s case, probably described his rheumatoid arthritis that he suffered greatly from in his later life.

Harold Tremaine
(year unknown)
Harold had a tough time in Egypt in 1918, his health was in decline and spent a great deal of time in the 31sy General Hospital in Port Said being treated for debility and pyrexia.
When he wasn’t in hospital Harold served in the ANZAC Provost Corp in either Moasoar or Suez, until retuning to Headquarters on the 9th of March 1919 in Cairo.
 The following day, the 9th of March 1919, Harold was promoted to the rank of ER/ 2nd Corporal ANZAC Provost Corps. and received his chevron.
On the 28th of March 1919, a letter was sent from the army to Florence in Kapunda to inform her that Harold would be returning to Australia. Harold boarded the ship Ulimaroa on the 13 of March 1919 in Cairo and steamed back to Australia arriving on the 22nd of April 1919. He then travelled by rail back to Adelaide.
While Harold was travelling by sea, Florence and the children awaited his return in Kapunda. Harold returned, but the family did not stay long, instead choosing to return to Haslam.
 Upon his return to the small coastal town of Haslam, Harold was honoured in the town hall with a guard of honour by his fellow townsfolk, and the singing of the National Anthem, and “for he’s a jolly good fellow”. He was awarded a purse of sovereigns and thanked the crowd for their generosity[6].
After his return from the war, Harold would go on to father another three children. Eventually the family left Haslam and settled on the outskirts of Kapunda where Harold became a farmer.
 Harold suffered from “shellshock” and as a result spent some time inside the Parkside Mental Hospital in Adelaide[7], of which he escaped in 1925, and returned to his home in Kapunda.

 My father, Rodney, lived with Harold and Florence in Kapunda for a time in his youth. He remembers Harold, his Grandfather, being a very disciplined man and an authoritarian. He has memories of Harold having an office no-one else was allowed to enter.
On the one occasion Rodney remembers entering the office (with his Grandfathers approval) Harold explained to him all the photographs that adorned his office. The photographs were of Harold’s commanding officers in World War One.

Harold went on to serve in the Volunteer Defence Corps. in World War 2. He was discharged from the Australian Army with the rank of Private on the 17th of June 1943.

Harold James Buckingham Tremaine passed away on the 19th of October 1967, he is buried at St Jude’s Cemetery, Brighton North, South Australia, alongside his wife Florence.

Daryl Tremaine, Harold J.B. Tremaine, Florence Tremaine and Audrey Tiller (nee Tremaine) - Kapunda 1963

[1] 1913 'HASLAM.', West Coast Sentinel 28 November, p. 2
[2] 1915 'HASLAM.', West Coast Sentinel 28 August, p. 2.
[3] Mounted Troops — Australian Light Horse Association. 2017.
[4] Pg. 6. Australian Government: National Library of Australia. 2017. Record Search
[5] Pg. 19. Australian Government: National Library of Australia. 2017. Record Search
[6] 1919 'HASLAM.', West Coast Sentinel 14 June, p. 2.
[7] The South Australian Police Gazette, Aug 20, 1925, page 208

 Researched and Written by Allen Tiller, as a research assignment for the "Families at War" unit of the Diploma of Family History issued by the University of Tasmania.

©2017 Allen Tiller


1911 'Family Notices', Chronicle (Adelaide, SA : 1895 - 1954), 24 June, p. 34. , viewed 29 Apr 2017,

1913 'HASLAM.', West Coast Sentinel (Streaky Bay, SA : 1912 - 1954), 28 November, p. 2. , viewed 29 Apr 2017,

1915 'HASLAM.', West Coast Sentinel 28 August, p. 2. , viewed 29 Apr 2017,

1916 '145th CASUALTY LIST', Chronicle (Adelaide, SA : 1895 - 1954), 26 February, p. 36. , viewed 29 Apr 2017,

1919 'HASLAM.', West Coast Sentinel (Streaky Bay, SA : 1912 - 1954), 14 June, p. 2. , viewed 29 Apr 2017,

Australian Light Horse Studies Centre. 2017. Australian Light Horse Studies Centre. [ONLINE] Available at: [Accessed 30 April 2017].

First World War Embarkation Rolls: Harold James Buckingham Tremaine | Australian War Memorial. 2017. First World War Embarkation Rolls: Harold James Buckingham Tremaine | Australian War Memorial. [ONLINE] Available at: [Accessed 30 April 2017].

National Library of Australia, 2015, TREMAINE Harold James Buckingham : Service Number - 1613 : Place of Birth - Kapunda SA : Place of Enlistment - Adelaide SA : Next of Kin - (Wife) TREMAINE Florence May, Australian Government,, viewed 30 April 2017

The AI.F. Project, 2016, Harold James Buckingham TREMAINE, UNSW Australia, 28 April 2017

Sunday, February 11, 2018

Kapunda People: Charles Albert Hazel

Charles Albert Hazel

Charles Albert Tremaine as a teenager - year unknown.

Charles Albert Hazel born on the 9th of November 1887 at Hawkers Creek, Kapunda.

He married his second cousin. Violet Jane Hazel on the 3rd of February 1917 at the Pirie Street Methodist Church, Adelaide. Together had five children;

Mabel Dulcie  in 1917
Madge Lorraine in 1918
Elysa Edith Harriet in 1921
Florence Edna May in 1922
Ross Charles in 1923

L to R (Florence) Edna,  Elysa,  Albert,  Madge, and Ross Hazel (Mabel not in photo) at Port Parham
photo by Audrey Tiller circa 1931
Unfortunately, Violet passed away in 1924 leaving Albert to look after the children. At first they lived in Port Parham, but at some point moved further south to St Kilda, where Albert took over the local shop near the beach. 

 Audrey Tiller (nee Tremaine), Alberts niece, went to stay with the small family for a number of months to help out with chores. In her letters (held by her Grandson, Allen Tiller), Audrey tells of sewing clothing for the children as well as cooking for them.
 Audrey was an avid photographer, and because of her photographic inclinations, we have the photos on this page to share with you.

Albert Hazels St Kilda Beach shop (year unknown)
Photo by Audrey Tiller

Allen Tiller is a great-grandson of a sister (Florence May Tremaine - nee Hazel) of Charles Albert Hazel

Albert died at Prospect on the 4th of Oct 1939. Albert is buried in the Kapunda General Cemetery.
The grave of Jane and Albert Hazel - Kapunda General Cemetery
Photo by Allen Tiller

Researched and written by Allen Tiller
© 2018

Sunday, February 4, 2018

David James - Mayor of Kapunda: 1888-89 & 1900-05

David James

Mayor of Kapunda: 1888-1889 & 1900-1905

David James was born at Nantyglo, Abergavenny, Monmouthshire, Wales in 1854. He spent his formative years working in local mines in Wales, alongside his father.
 His Father passed away, and David became the head of the household. He decided to move the family to Australia. Along with his Mother and brothers and sisters, they emigrated, sailing on the ship Lochee to Port Adelaide, and settled in Kapunda where David now worked at fencing and well sinking.
 Along with six other men, David became a found member of the The Broken Hill Proprietary Company Limited, or as we know it today B.H.P.

 It would seem David was on a winning streak. His horse stud soon began to breed champions. In 1895, his horse Auraria, at odds of 50/1, won the Melbourne Cup!

Auraria - winnings -

David married Emily Davis, a servant girl, also from Abergavenny. The pair married at Semaphore in 1883.

 David found himself working at Mount Gipps sheep-station in western New South Wales and became convinced by a work colleague to take up a mineral claim on the land there. David was the first to drive a peg into the ground, of what would be the richest lead-silver-zinc find in the world and would later become known as Broken Hill.

Now a wealthy business man, he returned to Kapunda, and was soon elected local Mayor. As he was so well off, the small wage entitled to him as Mayor, he donated to local charities.
 David soon bought a large estate and established a horse stud. His property he named after the small mining village he lived at back in Wales, Coalbrook Vale.

David political aspirations amplified, and in 1902, he was elected to the South Australian House of Assembly, representing the district of Wooroora. He spent 16 years as a Member of Parliament and was instrumental in affecting pastoral and agricultural reforms in Australia.

David continued trading with BHP, but eventually sold off his entire interest in the company. His wife Emily passed away in 1925, and David went on to marry local Kapunda lady, Ada Mullen.

David James passed away in Ru Rua Hospital, Adelaide on the 21st of July 1926 after a long battle with diabetes.

Researched and written by Allen Tiller © 2018


1926 'DEATH OF MR. DAVID JAMES.', Chronicle (Adelaide, SA : 1895 - 1954), 24 July, p. 48. , viewed 26 Jan 2018,

Broken Hill 1883-1893 Discovery and Development. R.H.B. Kearns, Reprinted August, 1977, Broken Hill Historical Society.

Daytrippa, 2017, David James, Made By Them Advertising, viewed 26 Jan 2018,

R. H. B. Kearns, 'James, David (1854–1926)', Australian Dictionary of Biography, National Centre of Biography, Australian National University,, published first in hardcopy 1983

Sunday, January 28, 2018

Kapunda Mayors 1865 - 1953

Kapunda Mayors 1865 - 1953

1865 - 1867 Dr M.H.S. Blood
1868  James Pearce
1869 - 1870 – David Nock
1871 - 1872 J.P. Moyle
1873 - 1874 R.J. Day
1875 - 1876 – J.P. Moyle
1877 - 1878 Dr M.H.S. Blood
1879 - 1880 Joseph Rowett
1881 - 1882 Robert Cameron
1883 - 1885 J.F. Mellow
1886 - 1887 J Wheatley
1888 - 1889 David James
1890 T.D. Nock
1891 - 1892 A. Palmer
1893 - 1895 William Thomas
1896 - 1899 Evan James
1900 H Jackson
1901 - 1905 David James
1906 - 1907 J. H. Hitchens
1908 - 1911 R. Rees
1912 - 1914 A Menhennett
1915 - 1916 S.E. Hancock
1917 - 1919 Thomas Jeffs
1920 - 1922 H. J. Skull
1923 - 1924 H J Truscott
1925 - 1927 R. Hawke
1928 - 1932 T.S. Davie
1933 - 1935 W.T. Truscott
1936 - 1942 C.H. Branson
1943- 1951 H.H. Rees
1951- L.N. Tilbrook

1953 - 1954 C.H. Branson

Researched and Written by Allen Tiller

Friday, September 1, 2017

The Legacy of Sir Sidney Kidman

The Legacy of Sir Sidney Kidman

Sidney Kidman (and an unknown man) at the back
of the North Kapunda Hotel
Tomorrow is the anniversary of the death of Sir Sidney Kidman (1857). Once Australia's wealthiest man, and largest property owner, who conducted the worlds largest horse sale at the rear of the North Kapunda Hotel.
It is said Kidman never swore, and instead would say "Jolly Tinkers" in the place of swear words.

We thought it prudent to share some of the charities that Sir Sidney and Lady Isabel Kidman distributed their wealth too over their lifetimes, and after Sir Kidmans Death'.

May their legacy inspire, and their memory live on....

Upon the anniversary of the death of Sir Sidney Kidman, here is a list of the benefactors of his generosity, in life, and also in death
During the First World War, Sir Kidman donated 3 Ambulances, 2 Fighter Planes, 200 Horses, wool and meat for the Australian troops. He also promised all his workers who served, a job upon their return. His donations also extended to wives who lost their husband in war paying them a small fund of money to help cover costs of raising families without a father.
The Will of Sir Sidney Kidman

Donations were made to the Salvation Army and the Red Cross – and also the Royal Flying Doctors.
The Kidmans also donated their house and estate in Kapunda, “Eringa” to the education department in 1920 – to this day the grounds are still the Kapunda High School, with the old Manse the front office.

From Sir Kidman's Last Will and Testament:
£500 Salvation Army Adelaide
£500 Home for Incurables, Fullarton
(Adjusted for inflation this is equivalent to about $45,000 today)
£250 Minda Home
£250 Adelaide's Children Hospital
£250 The Institution for the Blind – Brighton
£250 The Protestant Children's Home
£250 The Royal Institute for the Blind at North Adelaide
£250 The Australian Inland Mission
£250 The Adelaide Benevolent and Strangers Fund
£250 The Queens Maternity Home
£250 The Adelaide Hospital
(Adjusted for inflation this is equivalent to about $22,792.68 today)
£150 Methodist Children’s Home at Magill
£150 The Angorichina Hospital for Tubercular Soldiers.
£150 The Adelaide Central Mission
(Adjusted for inflation this is equivalent to about 13,675.61 today)
£100 Kapunda Congregational Church
£100 The Kapunda Hospital
£100 The Orphan Home at Mitcham
£100 The Courthouse for Invalid children and Aged People
(Adjusted for inflation this is equivalent to about $9,117.07today)
£15,000 was distributed between old employees of Sir Kidman

(Adjusted for inflation this is equivalent to about $1,367,560.85 today)

Written by Allen Tiller © 2017
First published 1 September 2015
Revised March 23rd 2017
First published on The Haunts of Adelaide:

Sunday, April 30, 2017

John Henry Smyth-Blood

John Henry Smyth-Blood


Dr Mathew Blood was not the only famous Smyth-Blood to come from the town of Kapunda, his second son, John Henry Smyth-Blood also made his mark on the world.

John was born in “Croissard Cottage “, near Corofin, Springfield, County Clare, Ireland on the 10th of December 1840. He grew up in Kapunda and was educated in the local schools.

John got work as a member of the construction teams building the Overland Telegraph lines as a storekeeper in the 1870’s, later he worked as the Post Master and Telegraph Officer at Peake Station, before moving to Auburn where he established himself with the Freemason Lodge.
As a Freemason he served as Grand Master and Secretary, and later as Treasurer.
Bloods Creek was named after John, Bloods Range.
“Bloods Range” is a large mountain formation stretching across the Northern Territory and Western Australian borders. It is crossed in its valleys by the Hull and Docker Rivers.  It was given its name by explorer Ernest Giles on the 14th of March 1874 when he first looked upon it from the top of Mount Curdie.
John was also mentioned in the writings of explorer, Baron Forest.

Mary Blood (nee Enock)
John married Mary Enock (1852-1929) and together they had five children: Matthew Henry (1876-1912), John Johnnie (1881-1950), William Frederick (1884-1913), Kathleen (1887-1948), and Margaret Marion (1890-1920).

 John died in Auburn at the age of 49 in 1890. He was buried in the Kapunda Cemetery on Clare Road.
His funeral was attended by a large crowd of people from Kapunda, Auburn and surrounding towns. His funeral cortege was led by fifty members of the Auburn and Kapunda Freemason Lodges, with full regalia. His hearse was also covered in Freemason regalia. Canon Whittington conducted Johns burial, with Mr F. Tothill, the Worshipful Master of the St John’s Lodge of auburn reading the Masonic Service.

Researched and written by Allen Tiller © 2017

1878 'GOVERNMENT GAZETTE.', Adelaide Observer (SA : 1843 - 1904), 17 August, p. 3. , viewed 23 Apr 2017,

1890 'KAPUNDA, MAY 19.', South Australian Register (Adelaide, SA : 1839 - 1900), 20 May, p. 3. , viewed 23 Apr 2017,

Northern Territory Government, 2017, Northern Territory Place Names Registe, Viewed 23 April 2017,

Sunday, April 23, 2017

Dr Blood

SSLA 9945

Dr Matthew Henry Smyth-Blood.

Doctor Matthew Henry Blood-Smyth was born on the 26th of November 1806 at Ballykitty, County Clare Ireland to Matthew and Dorothea Blood (nee Ingram).
Matthew would later reverse his surname to Smyth-Blood, stating “I was born a Blood, and a Blood I will die!”, thus forever he will be remembered as a Blood!
Matthew grew up in Ireland and studied medicine. In 1831, at the age of 25, he became a qualified medical practitioner, being admitted to Medical Association of Ireland nine years later in 1840.

In 1833, at the age of 27, he married his third cousin, (a descendent of Thomas Blood),
Matthew Blood aged 26
Source:: Andrea Blood-Smyth Payne Family Page
photo 1832
Marianne Charlotte Blood at Ennis, County Clare Ireland on March 14th.
 Marianne was born on the 4th of April 1816 at Applevale, County Clare Ireland, making her (about) 17 years old when she married Matthew.
Together they had 11 children;
Dorothea (1835 – 1887), Marianne (1836 – 1925), Matthew (1838-1875), William (1839- 1905), John (1840 – 1890), Susannah (1842 – 1906), Frederica (1847- 1903), Elizabeth (1848 – 1870), Neptune (1850-1851), Mary (1851-1933), Frances (1853 – 1854)

The Bloods decided they would sail to the new colony of South Australia. Matthew took a position as “Ship Surgeon Superintendent” onboard the sailing vessel “Success”. The voyage spanned from the 27th of September 1847 until January 1848 when the ship arrived at Port Adelaide.
Matthew and Marianne then made their way to Kapunda where Matthew took the position of Mine Doctor under the Captain Bagot, a family friend back in Ireland.
 The pair took up residence in-between Mine Square and the mines proper (there is a plaque marking the spot where they lived on the south-east side of Mine Square, Kapunda).

Marianne Blood - photo: SSLA 15813
On the 28th of April 1856, Matthew Blood was honoured with the task of laying the foundation stone for Christ Church Kapunda after being in charge of raising funds to build the Church and Hall.

Matthew would work as the official mine doctor until 1860. In the same year (1860) he founded the Kapunda Freemason’s “Lodge of Light No. 410 I.C.” of which he became the Lodge’s first Master.
Also in 1860, Matthew was officially titled with the position on “Surgeon” with the “Kapunda Volunteers” (sometimes referred to as The Kapunda Rifles) one of two citizen military forces established in Kapunda, the other being the Kapunda Mine Rifles.

In 1862, Matthew and Marianne left Kapunda for New South Wales where Matthew took a job as Mine Medical Officer as the Cadia Copper Mine.
 It was during this period that Matthew became interested in photography, a passion that would inspire him until his death.

Upon his return to Kapunda, Matthew, now inspired by his new hobby, took hundreds of photographs of people and places in Kapunda. He used a camera specially built for him by notable professional photographer James Uren.
On the 13th of July 1865, Dr. Matthew Henry Smyth-Blood became the first Mayor of Kapunda a title he held until 1867, and would later hold again from 1877 to 1878.
during his first stint as town Mayor, Matthew co-hosted (with James Crase) the first royal visit to South Australia, that of the Duke of Edinburgh, Prince Alfred, second son of Queen Victoria.
Portrait of Mr & Mrs Blood
Source: Andrea Payne Family Page
The Prince travelled to Kapunda to see the mines he had heard so much about, but the mine manager, at the excitement of his miners, gave them all the day off to see the Prince, so the mine was not running. Instead, Prince Alfred spent his entire day at the North Kapunda Hotel enjoying festivities and making speeches!
Photos of the event were taken by the official photographer, Stephen Nixon and are most likely held in the State Library or Museum.
 (Interestingly, in the 1880’s a photographic business with the name “Blood & Nixon” was registered. It was owned by Matthews youngest son, John who was in partnership with Charles Nixon, Stephen Nixon’s son.)

Dr Blood was loved by many in the town and was known for his prodigious use of “snuff”, a type of tobacco that is sniffed into the nose. He sat on the board of the Kapunda Hospital, worked as a Magistrate, a Justice of the Peace, and on the local School Board.

Dr Blood's death notice, Kapunda Herald 30 march 1886
Doctor Bloods death shocked the people of Kapunda. Dr Blood was such a well-known and popular figure in Kapunda that The Kapunda Herald newspaper sold out on Friday the 30th of March due to the obituary tribute written for him by newspaper staff. The obituary had to be reprinted the following day for those that missed it in the first printing. 

His final day he spent seeing to the needs of a local man named Mr Christopher. He returned home, and readied to go out again. He was in his room when he called out to Marianne. Marianne rushed to see what was wrong, and when she got to Matthew, he said “Mary, I cannot see you!” He then gasped three or four times and died in front of her upon his bed.
Dr Blood's Funeral Notice, Kapunda Herald, 30 March, 1886

Dr Blood’s funeral procession was one of the longest ever seen in the region, and followed his body out to the Clare Road Cemetery from Christ Church. He was buried on the 31st of March 1883 at the Clare Road Cemetery, row O-54.

Marianne lived on Kapunda, and was often seen with her constant companion, Miss Howe, who had been her daughters Governess and educator. Marianne passed away on the 5th of January 1900 and was buried alongside her husband.

Want to learn more about Matthew and Marianne Blood’s family, visit the website “The Blood and Dingle Genealogy Pages” written by Andrea Payne here:

Researched and written by Allen Tiller © 2017


(1929), 'Memories of Kapunda and District by a Circle of Friends’, Kapunda, SA.

1883 'Advertising', Kapunda Herald (SA : 1878 - 1951), 30 March, p. 2. , viewed 12 Apr 2017,

1883 'DEATH OF DR. BLOOD.', South Australian Weekly Chronicle (Adelaide, SA : 1881 - 1889), 31 March, p. 21. , viewed 12 Apr 2017,

Births Deaths and Marriages South Australia, Civil Registry, D.1883/Book 127, Page 407 

Blood, Matthew Henry Smyth (1808-1883)' 2012. Trove, viewed 12 April 2017

Burke’s Peerage Ltd, Burke's Irish Family Records, pages 142-152, American Editions, MCMLXXVI, NSW State Library.

Dehane's Almanac 1853, Blood M.H. Justice of the Peace, page 67, SA Gen & Heraldry Society, Adelaide, Mircofiche

Noye, R.J. (1968), 'Early South Australian Photography: The R.J. Noye Collection’, Adelaide, SA.

Statton, J. (1986), 'Biographical Index of South Australians 1836-1885’, Adelaide, SA.

Charlton, Rob 1971, The History of Kapunda, The Hawthorn Press, Melbourne, SBN 7256 0039 x